• Stroke Prevention

  • Avista Adventist Hospital Wants to Share Important Steps You can Take to Prevent Stroke

    Know the risk factors.

    These include:

    • High blood pressure
    • Diabetes
    • High cholesterol levels
    • Excessive alcohol use
    • Physical inactivity (obesity)
    • Smoking

    Know your numbers.

    Talk with your health care provider about your numbers for the following tests and what he or she believes your target number should be:

    Lipid profile. This blood test that measures the different fats in the blood. These fats can cause blockages in the arteries. Target goals for one’s lipid profile are generally:

    • Total Cholesterol = 180 or less
    • LDL (bad cholesterol) = 100 (70 or less if you have diabetes or cardiovascular disease)
    • HDL (good cholesterol) = 40 or more for men, 50 or more for women
    • Triglycerides = 150 or less

    Blood pressure. Systolic Pressure (heart beating) / Diastolic Pressure (heart resting). Target blood pressure is 130/80 or lower.
    Blood sugar
    . A fasting blood sugar (glucose) is a blood test to diagnose diabetes. Elevated blood sugar means diabetes. Target goals for your blood sugar levels:

    • Fasting blood sugar = less than 100
    • Hemoglobin A1C = 4.6%
    • Prediabetes if AIC is 6-6.4% or fasting blood sugar is 100-125
    • Diabetes if AIC is 6.5% or higher or fasting blood sugar >125

    Body Mass Index (BMI). This measures ideal body weight based on height or waist circumference. BMI = (weight in pounds/height inches 2 ) x 703. Target BMI goal is 18.5 - 24.9.  
    Waist Circumference
    : Men 40 inches or less, Women 35 inches or less

    Control your numbers!

    If your numbers aren't where they should be, here's how to get them there.

    • Deflate the weight. Excess weight puts extra work on the heart and body. It increases the chance of developing stroke, heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, some cancers and breathing problems.
    • Be active. Lack of physical activity causes weight gain, and increases your chances of diabetes and heart disease. Aim for non-stop physical activity 30 minutes for most days of the week and weight training or resistance training 15 minutes twice a week. Consult a physician before starting an exercise program.
    • Commit to quit. Smoking is the leading preventable cause for heart and lung disease. The chemicals in cigarettes and other tobacco products are damaging to the arteries in the body and the lungs. Stop all tobacco products and avoid second hand smoke. For information on medications or nicotine replacement therapy, contact your physician.

  • Stroke Physician Specialists

    CHPG Neuroscience and Spine

    Phone: 303-925-4060
    Fax: 303-925-4061

    To remember the signs of stroke, think FAST:

    • F = FACE. Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
    • A = ARMS. Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward? Is one arm weak or numb? 
    • S = SPEECH. Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence. Is speech slurred? Is the sentence repeated correctly?
    • T = TIME. If the person shows any of these symptoms, call 9-1-1 immediately!

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