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Colon cancer screening can detect polyps and early cancers in the intestinal area. Such screening can find problems that can be treated before cancer develops or spreads. Regular screenings may decrease deaths and prevent pain caused by colorectal cancer.
SCREENING FOR AVERAGE-RISK PEOPLE
There is not enough evidence to say which screening method is best. Discuss with your doctor which test is most appropriate for you.
Beginning at age 50, both men and women should have a colon cancer screening test. Some health care providers recommend that African Americans begin screening at age 45.
Screening options for patients with an average risk for colon cancer:
SCREENING FOR HIGHER-RISK PEOPLE
People with certain risk factors for colon cancer may need earlier (before age 50) or more frequent testing.
More common risk factors are:
Screening for these groups of people is more likely to be done using colonoscopy.
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